Einstein won a Physics Nobel award for a little known article he wrote on space light when he should have received the Nobel for his Theory of Relativity which changed the way in which we see everything in the universe, and most important, it defied Newton's laws of gravity
Actually, no. Einstein's General Theory of Relativity, an offspring of Special Theory, didn't exactly refute Newton's Principia Mechanica. He just found a different way to describe the same effect because of a problem he ran into with the Special Theory. In defending the Special Theory, he said that light was a massless particle. If light was a massless particle, then why was it affected by the gravity exhibited by an object, as evidenced by the way light behaves during an eclipse. This led him to concoct the General Theory, which was a resurrection of the aether theory, even though Einstein himself said an aether doesn't exist, based on the results of the Michelson-Morley Experiment, which had originally led him to concoct the Special Theory. Basically, no matter which way he stepped, he was biting himself in the ass. He did it to himself again in Quantum mechanics when he, Podolsky, and Rosen, theorized the result of the conservation of mass and energy in QM in an exercise called the EPR Event, named after the 3 guys. Essentially, an electron has a quantity called spin, up or down, for clarity's sake. As an instrument is brought near to observe an electron, the EM field of the instrument will align the nearest electron up, for example. In conservation, the electron on the other side of the orbit must have the opposite spin, to maintain equilibrium. This balancing of spin happens simultaneously, regardless of the size of the atom, thereby violating Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity, wherein he stated that nothing could travel faster than the speed of light.
Einstein disproved himself better than anyone could hoped to do.